Hey, this is my final paper to turn in (final version is not due yet) so if you guy have any suggestion, comment… I am appriciated.
I Have A Dream – A Speech Is Full of Logos and Pathos
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a famous person that everyone honored and looked up due to his credibility. At college age, he showed that he was an outstanding student by winning some awards, such as Plafker Award and J.Lewis Crozer Fellowship, and graduating with numerous of master degrees. After King completed his coursework, he organized and led people to protest discrimination and segregation, and was sent to jail several times. In 1963, he was named Man of the Year, an honorable title that Times magazine give to one wonderful person for his influences to the country in a year. Months later, his credibility rose up when he awarded Nobel Peace Award for his own contribution to end African American’s prejudgment from society. On August 28, 1963, he delivered his famous speech “I Have A Dream” in front of thousand of people in Washington. In his speech, King made extensively use of classical Greece argument of logos and pathos.
King fulfilled his speech and influenced people by using logos method. Logos means persuading people by the use of reasoning. Earlier in his speech, King mentioned that African American had chances to live happily by ending of slavery but this happiness came to an end only one centaury after. He stated, “But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.” After Abraham Lincoln freed the slavery, the African American had chances to start better lives that they would receive money for their labor; they had the right to pursue their own happiness. However, what they didn’t expect was they would become a target of prejudice. What they believed “free” was not “fee” anymore as they would not allow sharing schools with the White people, they couldn’t eat at the same restaurant with the White people, and they were not able to sit the same places with the White people. Discrimination pushed the Black people’s lives to the corner of the street and what called “liberty” didn’t belonged to them anymore.
In addition to the mention of slavery freedom, King used logos method by arguing the American Constitution. He added, “This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable Rights of Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned.” The Constitution declared that all men are equal but looked at how the African American were treated by society. They weren’t granted the rights of life, liberty or happiness due to discrimination and segregation. What reserved for White people is for White people only and that the Back people couldn’t touch, came close to, or share with. King also said “Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.”” He compared the constitution as the bad check. What society promised to give to the Black people turned out to be a lie as if it was a void, bad check,
Beside of utilizing logos element, King also used pathos to make his speech more efficiency. Contrary to logos, pathos is persuading people by appealing to the readers’ emotion. King appealed to everyone’s feeling and tried to make the audience feel remorse for what American had done to the African American community. At the middle of his speech, he said, “We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a large one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their self-hood and robbed their dignity by a sign stating “For White Only.”” Obviously, King was a victim of discrimination so that he knew exactly how people felt and how people suffered. He understood that the Black community would never be satisfied with their lives as long as discrimination was still going on. He also worried about next generation by mentioning “our children” if prejudice couldn’t be stopped. His speech became more and more passionate and that the audiences somehow were able to sense King’s feeling back then.
Not only using pathos by expressing emotion words, King also utilized pathos by the way how delivered the speech. There is no world can describe someone’s feeling but his own expression. Obviously, King read the speech earlier but toward to the end, he didn’t look at it as if every word in his mouth came from his heart. He repeated “I have a dream” numerous of times in order to point out what the African American people need and what society should do for them. He repeated “I have a dream” with the raise voice to show that those “dreams” were just basic rights for his community. He repeated “I have a dream” continuously to demonstrate that how unfortunate the Black people were suffering by American’s prejudice. Those lines “I have a dream” kept on spreading out and went through audience’s heart that made them have connection with King.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s public speech “I Have A Dream” succeeded in persuading people by using Greek’s argument of logos and pathos. The speech was a desire of equal and better future for the Black people when they and the White people were coexisting. King himself was a source of credibility that made people trust in him. Moreover, he used evidences from the country and delivered the speech efficiently to influences people. The audience had no choice but standing and listening to him from the beginning till the end of the speech because every word from King’s mouth went through to their heart. The speech will last forever and will never be faded with the time as it is amazing and wonderful speech ever.